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Valget 2013 i Israel

En oversigt over de mange politiske partier og lister i Israel, der deltog i valget (nr. 19) til Knesset (det israelske parlament) d. 22. januar 2013, fordelingen af mandater i Knesset, hovedtendenser og valglinks.

Valget 2013

Valget til Knesset 2013

I slutningen af oktober 2012 blev der udskrevet valg (nr. 19) til Knesset (det israelske parlament) og valgdatoen blev sat til d. 22. januar 2013.

Parlamentsvalget skulle ellers først have været afholdt i slutningen af oktober 2013, da der skal være valg hver fjerde år, men nogle gange bliver valget udskrevet i utide. Premierministeren eller et flertal i Knesset kan udskrive valg inden for en valgperiode, hvilket er sket en del gange siden maj 1948.

Som sædvanligt var der en del nye partier og lister, som opstillede til dette valg. Spærregrænsen var på 2% som i Danmark. Læs mere om de forskellige partier på Wikipedia (se Valglinks).

Tabellen herunder giver en oversigt over de omkring 34 partier og lister, der stillede op til valget, samt det endelige valgresultat.

Parti/listenavn (2013) Beskrivelse Procent Mandater Hjemmesider
Likud Yisrael Beiteinu (The Likud Is Our Home) 1. Likud, conservatism, zionism, economic liberalism, free market, free trade, right wing party.
2. Yisrael Beiteinu (Israel Our Home), nationalist political party, traditionally been secular, Russian-speaking Israelis.
23,34% 31 Likud (heb)
Likud (eng)
Yisrael Beiteinu (heb)
Yisrael Beiteinu (eng)
Yesh Atid (There is a Future) New political party headed by Yair Lapid, liberalism and centrism. 14,33% 19 Yesh Atid (heb)
Yesh Atid (eng)
Labor (Ha'avoda) Mifleget HaAvoda HaYisraelit - Israeli Labor Party. Social-democratic and labour Zionist political party. 11,39% 15 HaAvoda/Labor Party (heb)
The Jewish Home (HaBayit HaYehudi) 1. The Jewish Home (HaBayit HaYehudi), right-wing national religious zionist political party.
2. National Union (HaIhud HaLeumi), right-wing and nationalist.
3. Tkuma - right wing political party.
9,12% 12 HaBayit HaYehudi (heb)
HaBayit HaYehudi (eng)
HaIchud HaLeumi (heb)
Shas (Shomrei Torah Sephardim) Sephardi Torah Guardians - ultra-orthodox religious Sephardic-Haredi political party. 8,75% 11 Shas (heb)
Yahadut Hatorah (Torah and Shabbat Judaism - United Torah Judaism) Ultra-Orthodox ashkenazi parties:
1. Agudath Israel (The Israelite Union) - a sectoral ultra-Orthodox-Hassidic party.
2. Degel HaTorah (The Banner of the Torah) - a Litvak Haredi party, Lithuanian.
5,16% 7 .
Hatnuah (The Movement) 1. Hatnuah. New political party headed by Tzipi Livni, liberalism and centrism.
2. The Green Movement - Social-environmental, Green Zionism, Social democracy, Secularism.
4,99% 6 Hatnuah (heb)
Hatnuah (eng)
Meretz Meretz - left-wing, zionist, green, secular, social-democratic political party - liberal social agenda, arab equality, civil rights for homosexuals, separation between religion and Israeli society. 4,55% 6 Meretz (heb)
Meretz (eng)
Ra'am - Ta'al - Mada Arab parties:
1. Ra'am - United Arab List (Party) - Union of Israeli Arab parties (Islamic Movement in Israel, Arab National Party).
2. Ta'al - Arab Movement for Renewal, Israeli Arab political party.
3. Arab Democratic Party (Mada).
3,65% 4 .
Hadash 1. The Democratic Front for Peace and Equality - left wing socialist movement, Jewish-Arab.
2. Maki - The Communist Party of Israel (CPI) - socialism, jewish-arab, anti-zionist.
2,99% 4 Hadash (heb)
Hadash (eng)
Maki - CPI (heb/eng)
Balad - The National Democratic Assembly (NDA) Israeli Arab political party, democratic progressive national party for the Palestinian citizens of Israel, arab nationalism, anti-zionism, left-wing. 2,56% 3 Balad (ara)
Balad (eng)
Kadima (Forward) Centrist and liberal political party. 2,08% 2 Kadima (heb)
Otzma LeYisrael (Strength to Israel/Strong Israel) 1. Otzma LeYisrael - nationalist political party, right-wing.
2. Hatikva (The Hope) - a secular right-wing party.
3. Eretz Yisrael Shelanu (Our Land of Israel) - a right-wing religious party.
1,76% 0 Otzma LeYisrael (heb)
Hatikva (heb)
Am Shalem (The complete Nation) New political movement led by Rabbi Haim Amsalem - secular-religious unity platform, moderate Judaism. 1,20% 0 Am Shalem (eng)
Ale Yarok - Liberal List 1. Ale Yarok - Green Leaf, liberal political party, legalization of the Cannabis plant, marijuana and hashish, human rights, free market.
2. Liberal List.
1,15% 0 Ale Yarok (heb)
Eretz Hadasha (New Land) New left-center party. Anti-corruption. Left wing politics. 0,74% 0 Eretz Hadasha (heb)
Koah LeHashpi'a (Power to Influence) The party advocates greater rights for the country's disabled citizens. 0,74% 0 .
HaYisraelim (The Israelis) Political party, main policy being the reform of the country's voting system. 0,50% 0 .
The Green and Young for a Green Future in Israel (The Greens) HaYerukim - The Green Party of Israel. 0,21% 0 HaYerukim (heb)
The Greens (eng)
Dor Bonei Haaretz - The new Pensioners party (the Gil party) Pensioner interest. 0,16% 0 Dor - The new Pensioners party (heb)
Haim BeKavod/Chaim Bekavod (Living with Dignity) . 0,10% 0 .
Da'am Workers Party (Da-am/D'am) Organization for Democratic Action (ODA), largely an Israeli Arab party, socialism/marxism, left-wing. 0,09% 0 Da'am Workers Party (heb/ara)
Ahim Anahnu (We are brothers) . 0,08% 0 .
Tzedek Hevrati (Social Justice) Preserve democratic values, promote equality, protect human dignity and freedom. 0,08% 0 .
Kulanu Chaveirim/Kulanu Haverim (We are all friends) Faith, trust, joy and unity amongst Jews - Na Nach chassidic group. 0,06% 0 Na Nach (eng)
Pirate Party Israel Supports "the freedom to divide and copy". 0,06% 0 .
The Economics Party Peace between Israel and its Arab and Palestinian neighbors, joint business ventures. 0,05% 0 .
Leader - Mitkademet Liberalit Democratit (Progressive Liberal-Democratic) . 0,04% 0 .
Or (Light) Centrist party, separation of religion and state, secularism, advocating the principles of humanism, freedom and equality. 0,03% 0 Or (heb)
Brit Olam LeGe'ulat Yisrael (Covenant for the Redemption of Israel) Jewish-Arab party. Foundation of a Palestinan state, separation of church and state, improve relations between Jews and Israeli Arabs. 0,02% 0 .
HaTikva LeShinui (The Hope for Change) . 0,02% 0 .
Moreshet Avot . 0,01% 0 .

Hovedtendenser ved valget

Likud Yisrael Beiteinu gik en del tilbage, Jewish Home gik frem, Kadima blev næsten udslettet og to nye partier, Yesh Atid og Hatnuah, kom ind med hhv. 19 og 6 mandater. De øvrige partier fik stort set samme tilslutning eller gik frem i forhold til det seneste valg i 2009. Næsten halvdelen af Knessets medlemmer er nu førstegangspolitikere.

Fordelingen mellem de store grupper blev i hovedtræk følgende:
Højrefløjen: 43 pladser,
Midterpartier: 27,
Venstrefløjen: 21,
Religiøse partier: 18,
Overvejende arabiske partier: 11.

Højrepartierne gik lidt tilbage mens de øvrige grupper stort set er uændret i forhold til det seneste valg i 2009.

Navnene på de nyvalgte medlemmer af Knesset nr. 19 (i alt 120) kan ses på Knessets hjemmeside.

Regering nr. 33

Den 14. marts 2013 præsenterede premierminister Benjamin Netanyahu (Likud Yisrael Beiteinu) en bred koalitionsregering bestående af Likud Yisrael Beiteinu, Yesh Atid, Jewish Home og Hatnuah. De religiøse partier er for første gang i mange år ikke med i regeringen. Den nye regering får 22 ministre, hvilket er færre end den seneste regering. Ministerlisten kan ses på Knessets hjemmeside. Regeringen har et flertal bestående af 68 medlemmer af Knesset.

Valglinks 2013:

Jerusalem Post - January 2013 elections
Israel Elections 2013 - MavenSearch
Israeli legislative election, 2013 - From Wikipedia
The Central Elections Committee
List of political parties in Israel (Wikipedia)

Mandatfordelingen (pr. 2014)

Juli 2014 ophørte (valg)samarbejdet mellem de to partier Likud og Yisrael Beiteinu (Likud Yisrael Beiteinu - The Likud Is Our Home) og begge fortsætter herefter som selvstændige partier, dvs. 20 Likud medlemmer og 11 Yisrael Beiteinu medlemmer. Likud skifter navn til 'Likud - National Liberal Movement'.

December 2014 skifter 'Ra'am - Ta'al - Mada' navn til 'Ra'am - Ta'al' og senere i januar 2015 opdeles gruppen i Ra'am (United Arab List) med tre medlemmer og Ta'al (Arab Movement for Renewal) med et medlem.
Til forsiden (index.htm)

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