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Valget 2022 i Israel

Det næste israelske valg til Knesset (forsamling nr. 25) bliver afholdt d. 1. november 2022.

Valget 2022

Valget til Knesset 2022 Det næste parlamentsvalg skulle ellers først have været afholdt senest i marts 2025, da der skal være valg hver fjerde år, men ofte bliver der udskrevet valg i utide. Premierministeren eller et flertal i Knesset kan udskrive valg inden for en valgperiode, hvilket er sket en del gange siden maj 1948.

En bred samlingsregering blev dannet i juni 2021 (valget 2021) efter længere tids politisk usikkerhed og dødvande. Den var historisk, da det var første gang at et arabisk parti støttede en regering i Israel. Desuden bestod regeringen af partier fra både venstre, midten og højre. Den viste sig at være mere stabil end forventet men fra april 2022 var den reelt handlingslammet, da den havde mistet flertallet.

Efter flere måneder med politisk kaos og da det ikke var muligt at danne en ny flertalsregering, vedtog Knesset d. 30/6-2022 at opløse Knesset (forsamling nr. 24) og udskrive valg. Dette blev vedtaget med 92 stemmer for og ingen imod. Valgdatoen for valget til Knesset forsamling nr. 25 blev d. 1. november 2022. Det bliver det femte valg i løbet af tre år i Israel.

Samlingsregeringen (regeringskoalitionen) fortsætter ind til valget i november og til der er dannet en ny regering som et forretningsministerium med Yair Lapid som fungerende premierminister og Naftali Bennett som fungerende udenrigsminister (og stedfortræder for premierministeren) ifølge aftalegrundlaget for samlingsregeringen. Naftali Bennett har meddelt at han ikke stiller op til det næste valg.

Opstillede partier og alliancer

Som sædvanligt er der en del nye partier, der stiller op til valget. Flere partier indgår i valgalliancer og valgforbund for at undgå stemmespild. Spærregrænsen er på 3,25%, hvilket gør det sværere eller umuligt for de små partier og lister at komme ind i Knesset med mindre de går sammen med andre. Læs mere om de forskellige partier på Wikipedia (se Valglinks).

Tabellen herunder giver en foreløbig oversigt over de partier og alliancer, som har meddelt at de stiller op eller som forventes at deltage i valget. Der kommer sikkert en del flere inden tilmeldingsfristen udløber.

Nye partier skal tilmeldes valget senest d. 1. september 2022 og listen med de partier, som deltager i valget, offentliggøres d. 11. september.

Parti/listenavn (2022) Beskrivelse Procent Mandater Hjemmesider
Likud (National Liberal Movement) National Liberal Movement/Party - National liberalism, zionism, economic liberalism, secular center-right wing party. 0.00% 0 Likud (heb)
Likud (eng)
Yesh Atid (There is a Future) Liberalism and centrism. Focus primarily on civic, social and governance issues. Secular middle class. Center party. 0.00% 0 Yesh Atid (heb)
Yesh Atid (eng)
Shas (Shomrei Torah Sephardim) Sephardi Torah Guardians - ultra-orthodox religious Sephardic-Haredi political party. Haredi Judaism. 0.00% 0 Shas (heb)
Blue and White-New Hope Political alliance.
1. Kahol Lavan (Blue and White). Israel Resilience Party (L'Yisrael - Hosen L'Yisrael) - Zionism, Social liberalism, Centre-left/centre, "right when it comes to security issues, left when it comes to socio-economic issues, and liberal in economic goals".
2. Tikva Hadasha (New Hope). National and economic liberalism. Zionism. Center-right party.
0.00% 0 Blue and White (heb)
New Hope (heb)
New Hope (eng)
Zionist Spirit (Haruach HaTzionit) Political alliance.
1. HaYamin HaHadash (New Yamin - The New Right party) - Open to both religious and secular people. Economic liberalism and belief in personal freedom. Religious and secular Zionism. Right-wing party.
2. Derekh Eretz (The Way of the Land). Zionism, national liberalism, liberal conservatism. Center-right political party.
0.00% 0 The New Right (heb)
Israeli Labor Party Labor (Ha'Avoda). Mifleget HaAvoda HaYisraelit. Social-democratic and labour Zionist political party. Centre-left. 0.00% 0 Labor Party (heb)
Agudat Yisrael - Degel Hatorah (United Torah Judaism - UTJ) United Torah Judaism is a coalition of two Ashkenazi Haredi ultra-Orthodox parties. Haredi Judaism. Non-Zionist.
1. Agudath Israel (The Israelite Union) - a sectoral ultra-Orthodox-Hassidic party.
2. Degel HaTorah (The Banner of the Torah) - a Litvak Haredi party, Lithuanian. Non-Hasidic Haredim.
0.00% 0 .
Yisrael Beiteinu (Israel Our Home) Secularist, nationalist political party. Economic liberalism and revisionist zionism. Anti ultra-Orthodox. Originally secular, Russian-speaking Israelis. Centre-right/right-wing. 0.00% 0 Yisrael Beiteinu (heb)
Joint List (United Arab List - HaReshima HaMeshutefet) Political alliance of three of the main Arab-majority political parties in Israel.
1. Balad - The National Democratic Assembly (NDA). Israeli Arab political party, democratic progressive national party for the Palestinian citizens of Israel, arab nationalism, anti-zionism, left-wing.
2. Hadash - The Democratic Front for Peace and Equality. Political coalition in Israel formed by the Israeli Communist Party (Maki) and other leftist groups. Radical left wing socialist movement, socialistic economy. Jewish-Arab.
3. Ta'al - Arab Movement for Renewal, Israeli Arab political party. Arab nationalism and Anti-Zionism. Centre-left.
0.00% 0 Balad (ara)
Balad (eng)
Hadash (heb)
Hadash (eng)
The Communist Party of Israel (CPI) (eng)
Ta'al (ara)
Meretz Meretz (HaSmol Shel Yisrael) - left-wing, social-democratic and green political party. Secular party emphasising a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, social justice, human rights (especially for religious, ethnic and sexual minorities), religious freedom and environmentalism. 0.00% 0 Meretz (heb)
Ra'am - United Arab List (UAL) Ra'am - United Arab List (Party). Southern Branch of the Islamic movement. Arab National Party. Sunni Islamism, Anti-Zionism, Religious and nationalist Israeli Arabs. Negev Bedouin. 0.00% 0 .
HaZionut HaDatit (Religious Zionism alliance) Political alliance of right-wing religious parties.
1. Religious Zionist Party (National Union-Tkuma, HaIchud HaLeumi-Tkuma) - Orthodox Jewish, religious Zionist, political party.
2. Otzma Yehudit (Jewish Power/Jewish Strength/Otzma LeYisrael) - Religious Zionism, anti-Arabism, far-right party.
0.00% 0 Religious Zionist Party (heb)
Religious Zionist Party (eng)
Otzma Yehudit (heb)
The Jewish Home (HaBayit HaYehudi) Orthodox Jewish and religious Zionist political right-wing party. 0.00% 0 The Jewish Home (heb)
Ale Yarok (Green Leaf) Legalization of the cannabis plant, marijuana and hashish, expansion of human rights, free market and institutionalization of prostitution and gambling. Left-wing stance on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. 0.00% 0 Ale Yarok (heb)
Tzeirim Boarim (Youths on Fire) Fight back against the rising cost of living. Young people from across Israel’s religious and political spectrum. New party. 0.00% 0 .
Israel Hofsheet (Israel Free) A libertarian political party. Libertarianism, anti-corruption, governance reform, anti-Netanyahu. New party. 0.00% 0 .

Valglinks 2022:

2022 Israeli legislative election - From Wikipedia
Central Elections Committee
Arutz Sheva 7 Israel National News - 2022 Elections
HaAretz - Israel election 2022
Jerusalem Post - Israel Elections
Times of Israel - 2022 Israeli elections
List of political parties in Israel (Wikipedia)
Til forsiden (index.htm)

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